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BEES dictionary

The following definitions were used in the BEES project.


An enclosed physical structure intended for human occupation.

building record

The combination of valuation records that may or may not be a single building.


A collection of buildings on a single piece of land occupied by a single business, for example, a school, university or hospital.


One or more buildings used for a common purpose.


A floor in a multi-storey building.

non-residential building

The New Zealand Building Code Handbook (3rd Edition) identifies five non-residential building stock categories:

1. Communal non-residential: Applies to a building or use being a meeting place for people where care and service is provided by people other than the principal users. There are two types:

  • Assembly service applies to a building or use where limited care and service is provided, for example, a church, cinema, clubroom, hall, museum, public swimming pool, stadium, theatre or whare runanga (assembly house).
  • Assembly care applies to a building or use where a large degree of care and service is provided, for examples, an early childhood centre, college, daycare institution, centre for handicapped persons, kindergarten, school or university.

2. Commercial: Applies to a building or use in which any natural resources, goods, services or money are either developed, sold, exchanged or stored, for example, an amusement park, auction room, bank, car park, catering facility, coffee bar, computer centre, fire station, funeral parlour, hairdresser, library, office (commercial or government), police station, post office, public laundry, radio station, restaurant, service station, shop, showroom, storage facility, television station or transport terminal.

3. Industrial: Applies to a building or use where people use material and physical effort to extract or convert natural resources, produce goods or energy from natural or converted resources, repair goods or store goods (ensuing from the industrial process, for example, an agricultural building, agricultural processing facility, aircraft hangar, factory, power station, sewage treatment works, warehouse or utility.

4. Outbuildings: Applies to a building or use which may be included within each classified use but are not intended for human habitation and are accessory to the principal use of associated buildings, for example, a carport, farm building, garage, greenhouse, machine room, private swimming pool, public toilet or shed.

5. Ancillary: Applies to a building of use not for human habitation and that may be exempted from some amenity provisions but is required to comply with structural and safety-related aspects of the Building Code, for example, a bridge, derrick, fence, free-standing outdoor fireplace, jetty, mast, path, platform, pylon, retaining wall, tank, tunnel or dam.

outdoor mall

A large building or buildings containing a large number of diverse businesses (mainly shops) with large common outdoor pedestrian areas.


A single physical location occupied by a single geographic business unit. This may be a single building, more than one building or parts of one of more buildings.

shopping mall

A large building or buildings containing a large number of diverse businesses (mainly shops) with large common indoor pedestrian areas.