Waste Minimisation Act and the Waste Disposal Levy
On 25 September 2008, the Waste Minimisation Act 2008 (the Act) was introduced to encourage waste minimisation and decrease waste disposal in New Zealand. Under the Act, a $10 per tonne (excluding GST) levy on all waste sent to landfill was imposed from 1 July 2009. The levy is designed to encourage people and organisations to rethink how they dispose of waste and reward efforts made to divert material from landfill. The levy is charged at facilities where waste (including household waste) is disposed of and that operate, at least in part, as businesses that dispose of waste.
The levy aims to provide both an incentive to avoid waste, along with funding to help develop waste minimisation projects. Tools such as the levy are encouraging businesses and consumers to think about their waste and to reduce, reuse, recycle and recover as much as possible.
Significant changes to the levy and how it is collected have been proposed. In November 2019 the government produced a consultation document Reducing waste: a more effective landfill levy. The document points out that while in other countries there is growing recovery and recycling of materials, in New Zealand, waste sent to landfills has been steadily increasing.
The current landfill levy only applies to municipal landfills (which take around 45 per cent of the waste disposed of in New Zealand, excluding waste disposed of into cleanfills).
Large quantities of waste from construction and demolition are not subject to a levy at the moment. The proposal is for a levy of $20 per tonne for construction and demolition fills (and for an increase at municipal landfills to $50 or $60 per tonne.)
Submissions to government can be made until 3 February 2020. You can find more information here.
For more information on the waste disposal levy and the Waste Minimisation Act, see the Ministry for the Environment's website www.mfe.govt.nz/waste.